Wine 101 : A Beginner’s Guide to Wine Temperatures and Wine Cooling

When it comes to gourmet wines, you would be surprised to learn that most of the wine is actually made from specific wine grapes. It is a common assumption that most people make, regarding table grapes. Table grapes are larger, whereas wine grapes are smaller and the former rarely contains seeds while the later does contain a few seeds. These grapes are harvested at specific  periods of the year, and then they are crushed, after which the juice is collected, and undergoes several processes including fermentation. Most of the wine produced commercially is left to age in wooden barrels after which it is broached and the wine tasted. Then the wine in question is ready to be sold all over the world. More often than not, most first time buyers have little knowledge about the process regarding wine production and even less on wine temperatures and wine cooling.

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Wine and the right temperature for it

The first thing that you need to know is that all wine, be it red, white or rose are all stored at the same temperature. It does not matter which part of the world the wine is produced at, but when it comes to storing it, you need a cool, dark place to store the various bottles. This is one of the reasons why most cellars were often used by wine connoisseurs to store their wine bottles

And if you are getting ready to entertain some guests, you can always bring up a few bottles and store the same in the refrigerator. The one mistake that a few people often make is that they end up serving their wine at the wrong temperature. Different wines react differently to temperature so here’s a quick tip as far as serving wine goes –

  • Full bodied red wines such as Merlot, Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon – Anywhere from 64F
  • Dry white wines such as Chardonnay and Chablis – Between 48-52F
  • Pinot Noir – 60-64F
  • Champagne and other sparkling wines – 40F
  • Other dry white wines such as Pinot Grigio and Sauvignon Blanc – 45-48F

If your guests are going to arrive in 5 minutes, then you can take the red wine out of the refrigerator, so that it reaches room temperature before serving it to your guests. And the white wine, you can remove it from the refrigerator, just before serving the same. It is important that you serve your wine at the right temperature otherwise it could go bad, quite easily.

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Wine Coolers and the need for the same

Since you have just started to enjoy gourmet wine, you may want to invest in a wine cooler. Think of a wine cooler as a mini cellar, one that stores your wine for you at optimal temperatures. Moreover,  it is not a good idea to store all your wine in the refrigerator. There are various wine coolers to choose from, from budget ones at $100, with the premium ones costing a lot more. It all comes down to the sort of wine cooler that you are going for, so check out a few things that you need to keep in mind when purchasing a wine cooler.

  • Space: So, you do not have a cellar to store your wine in and in which case, you would need a wine cooler. You can go for the budget ones or get a mid-sized wine cooler installed in your kitchen. There are a few coolers that even offer you dual temperature control for your whites and reds, but as mentioned earlier, you can store all your wine at the same temperature.
  • Cost: Smaller sized wine coolers cost around $100 but the cost goes up, as you opt for larger wine coolers that come with added functionality. For example, a few wine coolers offer dual temperature controls for the whites and reds. Apart from this, a few even come with LED lighting, temperature displays, and even rack materials for storing your wine bottles. It depends on your budget and you can choose the right wine cooler that fits in with the same.
  • Temperature: The optimal time to store your wine at would be 45-55 degrees Fahrenheit. You need not store your white wines and red wines separately and can use the same temperature to store them at. It is only when you are serving the wine that you need to take care, with red wine being served at room temperature and white, slightly chilled.
  • Storing at the right temperature: One of the benefits of the wine cooler is to safely store your wine for you at the right temperature. You can always remove the bottle from your refrigerator and start using the wine cooler since it enables you to store the wine at the optimal temperature. You may not be able to use this setting in your fridge, especially with other food items which is why it makes sense to use a wine cooler, even a budget one to store your bottles of wine.


When you are serving wine to your guests during dinner and you have some leftover wine, you can store the same, after you have tried removing most of the air from the bottle. The reasoning  is simple, wine interacts with air and once it has been opened, it will soon spoil which is why keeping the bottle sealed and removing the extra air from the bottle may actually help the wine in question, last longer.

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When it comes to purchasing wines, you may want to avoid those discount stores since the wine may not be as expected. Instead, check out the brand, see if it has gotten reviews from other wine connoisseurs and then, see if you can get a free taste (sample), before purchasing it.  You can always head on a wine trip; visit some of the local vineyards where they would be more than happy to let you sample their vintage. Then you can decide if you like it well enough to purchase a few bottles. But remember to store them in your cellar or your wine cooler, once you get back.

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